Wincobank Hill Fort

The prehistoric Wincobank HiIl Fort is a Scheduled Monument.

Wincobank Hill view
Surrounded by ancient woodland of oak, beech and birch,
it occupies a commanding position on the hilltop overlooking the LowerDon Valley in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England.

Ridge to RotherhamWeb
Nearby, runs the route of the Roman Ridge, an ancient earthwork the origins and purpose of which are still a mystery.

sheffield Penny Rea 3rdweb

Previously thought to be a Roman road, the ridge which runs from Sheffield to Mexborough is now thought by some to be an even earlier construction, possibly to mark ancient boundaries.


Introduction to the Rivelin Valley

Glen Bridge Rivelin (2)

The River Rivelin Rises high on the Hallam Moors and travels west until it joins the River Loxley then on into the Don, The nature trail created in 1967 runs along the bottom of the valley which has been carved out of the sandstone and shale by the river over the last 300 Million years. The gentler slopes of the valley have been used for agriculture leaving woodland on the steeper slopes and by the river.

In more recent times the River has been used for powering the many waterwheels which lined the valley helping secure Sheffield as the world leader in fine steels and cutlery. The fall from the uppermost mill to the Grogram wheels is around 280 ft and with 20 Mills and 21 Dams this is likely to be the most concentrated number of water mills over that distance in the country.

As the industry grew and with the advent of steam power the use of water wheels declined and the mills became obsolete.

Along with all of these mills also came the quarries the mining and the packhorse trails in the valley and a world away from what we now see and enjoy.

100s of people use the Rivelin Valley Nature Trail every week but how many know the history of the Valley once described as the lungs of the city.

New Dam Swimming pool Rivelin


Keith Kendall (Vice-Chair RVCG)

A significant insignificant heritage site

DSCF1460I have passed this building lots of times. It is only recently that I found that this building has had a significant part in history.  It is owned by a builder now. It sits near the end of Alderson Road just round the corner from Bramall lane, the football grounds for Sheffield United.

On the 24th October 1857, Nathaniel Creswick  aged 26 and William Prest aged 25 got together at 118 Alderson road known as Parkfield House to draw up a rule book and found the first ever football club. They had tried to play football before that at their cricket club but without any rules.  Asline Ward the master cutler lent them a greenhouse and a field just up the road on East Bank Road.

The rule book was to be influential in the setting up of the Football Association though some rules had to be dropped but it is accepted by FIFA  that Sheffield Football Club was the first club.

Bramall lane stadium was originally built as a cricket ground and was opened in 1855.  Six cricket clubs played there and the management became known as Sheffield United Cricket club.


In this building, 10 Norfolk Row,  (formerly a hotel) a meeting was held to establish Sheffield United Football Club. There is a plaque to commemorate the fact .   An important event to Sheffield United but surely  the founding of the very first football club must at least be as equally important?

Sheffield’s Heritage


People often say to me that there is very little of old Sheffield left. Is that actually true?

It is true that in the recent past Sheffield have lost a number of early Tudor manor houses, Georgian town houses, wonderful Queen Ann buildings and a number of Art Deco buildings. Some even in the 24 years I have lived here. Some went in the rush to modernize in the 60s and 70s. And some went in the terrible bombing of the 2nd world war

However in my research as an amateur genealogist and later as a local historian I have been astounded how much is there, Iron age, Roman, Saxon, Medieval, Tudor, Jacobean, Civil war and much more. Every day I find another remarkable piece of history. Sheffield’s history did not start with the Industrial revolution. Even before the revolution Lady Cavendish described Sheffield as a “market-town of large extent


There are still a number of interesting buildings. This is the Tudor part of Broomhall.


Then there is the Queens Head.


Totley Hall.

This is why we decided at Time Walk to  collect data, research heritage trails and in a few months set up an interactive online map listing Sheffield Heritage and linking to the heritage groups and organizations, and to heritage trails. In order to do this we need volunteers to walk the trails, non copywrite photographs of interesting heritage sites for us to use with the map, and to tell us about interesting places you have found. If you want to know more get in touch.


Bishops House.